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April Historical Events

April 1

1621 - Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)

1765 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

1865 - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)

1866 - Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1924)

1946 - Arrigo Sacchi, Italian football coach

1954 - Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (d. 1992) Italian descent

April 2

1618 - Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (d. 1663)

1725 - Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and writer (d. 1798)

1917 - Lou Monte, American singer (d. 1989) Italian descent

1927 - Carmen Basilio, American boxer (Italian descent)

1964 - Pete Incaviglia, American baseball player (Italian descent)

April 3

1881 - Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1954)

1895 - Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (d. 1968)

1954 - Elisabetta Brusa, Italian composer

2004 - Gabriella Ferri, Italian singer (b. 1942)

2005 - Tony Croatto, Italian singer (b. 1940)

April 4

186 - Caracalla, Roman emperor (d. 217)

1973 - Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer

April 5

1472 - Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)

1622 - Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)

1909 - Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (d. 1996)

1976 - Simone Inzaghi, Italian footballer

April 6

1483 - Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)

1725 - Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (d. 1807)

1901 - Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)

1926 - Sergio Franchi, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1990)

1957 - Paolo Nespoli, Italian astronaut

2007 - Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (b. 1916)

April 7

1919 - Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer

1939 - Francis Ford Coppola, American film director

1941 - James Di Pasquale, American composer

April 8

217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus

1139 - Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated

1533 - Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (d. 1604)

1541 - Michele Mercati, Italian physician (d. 1593)

1692 - Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer (d. 1770)

1848 - Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (b. 1797)

1866 - Italy and Prussia ally against Austrian Empire

1921 - Franco Corelli, Italian tenor (d. 2003)

1929 - Renzo De Felice, Italian historian (d. 1996)

April 9

1492 - Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian statesmen (b. 1449)

1965 - Mark Pellegrino, American actor (Italian descent)

April 10

948 - King Hugh of Italy

1389 - Cosimo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)

1500 - Ludovico Sforza is captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and is handed over to the French

1640 - Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer (b. 1578)

1762 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)

1756 - Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer (d. 1661)

1970 - Enrico Ciccone, Canadian ice hockey player

1979 - Nino Rota, Italian composer (b. 1911)

1991 - Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140

April 11

1798 - Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (d. 1854)

1889 - Nick LaRocca, American musician (d. 1961) Sicilian

1903 - Gemma Galgani, Catholic Saint and Mystic (b. 1878)

1948 - Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach

1962 - Vincent Gallo, American actor (Sicilian)

1973 - Jennifer Esposito, American television actor (Italian descent)

1987 - Primo Levi, Italian chemist and author (b. 1919)

April 12

45 BC - Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general (dies)

65 - Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman and dramatist (dies)

238 - Gordian I, Roman Emperor (suicide)

238 - Gordian II, heir to the Roman Empire (killed in battle)

352 - St. Julius I, 35th Pope (dies)

1484 - Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)

1722 - Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (d. 1793)

1782 - Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)

1788 - Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-born composer (b. 1719) (Italian descent)

April 13

1519 - Catherine de' Medici, wife of Henry II of France (d. 1589)

1808 - Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)

1920 - Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)

1976 - Valentina Cervi, Italian actress

2000 - Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer dies (b. 1916)

April 14

1341 - Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo

1967 - Nicola Berti, Italian International footballer April 15

April 15

1446 - Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect (b. 1377)

1452 - Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath (d. 1519)

1552 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)

1641 - Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (b. 1581)

1754 - Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (b. 1676)

1788 - Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (b. 1711) (Italian origin)

1974 - Giovanni D'Anzi, Italian songwriter (b. 1906)

1974 - Danny Pino, American actor (Italian origin)

April 16

69 - Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)

924 - Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy

1118 - Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily

1071 - Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy

1912 - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)

1924 - Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1976) Italian origin

1986 - Paul di Resta, British racing driver (Italian origin)

April 17

1524 - Giovanni da Verrazzano reaches New York harbor

1555 - After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany

1598 - Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)

1954 - Riccardo Patrese, Italian race car driver

1972 - Tony Boselli, American football player

2008 - Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

April 18

1480 - Lucrezia Borgia, Florentine ruler and daughter of Pope Alexander VI (d. 1519)

1506 - The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid

1556 - Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet dies (b. 1495)

1605 - Giacomo Carissimi, Italian composer (d. 1674)

1897 - Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)

1902 - Giuseppe Pella, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1981)

1918 - Tony Mottola, American guitarist (d. 2004) Italian origin

1936 - Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer dies (b. 1879)

1967 - Maria Bello, American actress (Italian origin)

April 19

1588 - Paolo Veronese, Italian painter (b. 1528)

1629 - Sigismondo d'India, Italian composer

1768 - Canaletto, Italian artist (b. 1697)

April 20

1303 - The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII

1453 - The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn

1932 - Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (b. 1858)

1949 - Massimo D'Alema, Prime Minister of Italy

1951 - Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)

2001 - Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)

April 21

753 BC - Romulus and Remus founded Rome (traditional date)

43 BC - Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after

1555 - Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)

1930 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)

1963 - Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (d. 2004) Italian origin

1574 - Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1519)

1922 - Alessandro Moreschi, Italian castrato (b. 1858)

1924 - Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)

April 22

296 - Pope Caius dies

455 - Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor dies

536 - Pope Agapetus I dies

1592 - Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect dies (b. 1511)

1610 - Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)

1658 - Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)

1891 - Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927) Italian origin

1891 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)

1909 - Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate

1909 - Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)

1970 - Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player

April 23

215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene

1484 - Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian philosopher (d. 1558)

1857 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)

2005 - Romano Scarpa, Italian-born comic artist (b. 1927)

April 24

1706 - Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian musician (d. 1780)

2005 - Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI

April 25

1472 - Leon Battista Alberti, Italian artist, poet, and philosopher (b. 1404)

1595 - Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (b. 1544)

1874 - Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1937)

1911 - Emilio Salgari, Italian novelist (b. 1862)

1924 - Franco Mannino, Italian composer (d. 2005)

2001 - Michele Alboreto, Italian race car driver (b. 1956)

April 26

121 - Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor (d. 180)

1336 - Francesco Petrarca's (aka Petrarch) ascent of Mt. Ventoux

1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy

1476 - Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b. 1453)

1478 - Giuliano di Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence (assassinated) (b. 1453)

1478 - The Pazzi attack Lorenzo de' Medici and kill his brother Giuliano during High Mass in the Duomo of Florence

1538 - Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (d. 1600)

1940 - Giorgio Moroder, Italian composer

April 27

1509 - Pope Julius II places the Italian state of Venice under interdict

1530 - Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (b. 1458)

1806 - Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain - birth (d. 1878)

1920 - Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (d. 1956)

1932 - Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)

1937 - Antonio Gramsci, Italian Communist writer and politician (b. 1891)

1945 - World War II: Benito Mussolini is arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo, while attempting escape disguised as a German soldier

April 28

The Floralia, also known as the "Florifertum," was an ancient Roman festival dedicated to the goddess Flora. It was held on April 27 to May 3 and symbolized the renewal of the cycle of life, marked with dancing, drinking, and flowers.

1916 - Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer - birth (d. 1993)

1943 - German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa

1945 - Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.

1945 - Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist dies (b. 1892)

1960 - John Cerutti, American baseball player and announcer (d. 2004) Italian origin

1960 - Walter Zenga, Italian footballer

1992 - Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns

1993 - Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists

April 29

1380 - Catherine of Siena, Italian saint dies (b. 1347)

1945 - The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro is liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces

April 30

313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule

1876 - Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)

1921 - Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"

1987 - Lou Lamoriello is named New Jersey Devils President

1989 - Sergio Leone, Italian filmmaker dies (b. 1929)

1989 - Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar

1904 - Ice cream cone makes its debut

1996 - Dutch/Italian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral